20th International Conference on Advanced Energy Materials and Research
Syracuse University, USA
Title: Polyacetylene: Myth, reality and a way forward
Biography: Bruce S. Hudson
Polyacetylene, the simplest and oldest conducting polymer, has never been made in a form that permits rigorous determination of its structure. Trans polyacetylene will have two equivalent potential energy minima. It has been assumed that this results in bond length alternation. It is, however, very likely that the zero-point energy is above the Peierls barrier. Experimental studies that purport to show bond alternation have been reviewed and shown to be compromised by experimental inconsistencies or by the presence of finite chain polyenes. This situation has been reviewed in an open paper. A method for preparation of high molecular weight polyacetylene with fully extended chains that are prevented from reacting with neighboring chains by photochemical polymerization of a reactive guest molecule in urea inclusion complexes (UICs) is then discussed. The structural chemistry of these UIC materials will be reviewed. Our current projects involve guest species diiodo butadiene or diiodo hexatriene. The loss of iodine atoms during the elimination polymerization is monitored by weight loss. The polyacetylene chains form in UIC channels as fully extended chains that are parallel with a separation of 0.82 nm in a hexagonal lattice. The diene and triene guest species differ in crystal morphology with the triene presenting with hexagonal needles. Raman spectroscopy used to monitor the formation of polyene chains suffers loos of intensity when the chains are very long. The final material is characterized by vibrational inelastic neutron scattering using VISION at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Our ultimate objective is to measure electrical conduction of polyacetylene in urea inclusion compounds along the c-axis of the hexagonal channel. The strong bonding of carbons atoms suggests that this material may be a superconductor at room temperature due to the lack of thermally populated phonons. Methods for the formation of closed loop structures are being considered.